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Angiosperms (Flowering Plants)

The vast majority of plants species are Angiosperms or commonly known as flowering plants. There are more than 230,000 living species, six times the number of species of all other plants combined. They include most trees, shrubs, climbers, flowers, fruits, vegetables, and legumes. They were the last of the seed plant groups to evolve, appearing during the later part of the Dinosaurs Age about 140 million years ago. Angiosperms differ from Gymnosperms because they grow their seeds inside an ovary, which is embedded in a flower or fruit. The flower can attracts animals which assist in pollination, making the process of pollination more efficient and less random than in the Gymnosperms. The fruit being food for mammals and birds serves to help seed dispersal.

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