Acanthaceae (Acanthus Family)

Acanthaceae is commonly known as the Acanthus Family or Barleria Family. The Acanthaceae is a family from Lamiales Order, splits from Magnoliopsida Class. It is a family among about 406 families in Magnoliophyta or Flowering Plants Division. The family consists of 225 genera and more than 2,800 species distributed predominantly in tropical and subtropical regions of the world.

Acanthaceae was derived from the Greek word akantha meaning 'thorn'.

Characteristics include:
  • Herbs, shrubs, sometimes climbers and even tree. 
  • Simple leaves arranged in opposite pairs. 
  • Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic, usually crowded together in clusters and individually enclosed by leaflike bracts, often coloured and large.
  • Calyx is usually 4-5 lobed; the corolla tubular, 2-lipped or 5-lobed 
  • Stamens usually 2 or 4. 
  • Ovary superior, 2-carpellate, with axile placentation. 
  • Fruits are two-celled capsule.
  • Seeds borne on hooks on the placenta.

Genera in Acanthaceae:
  • Acanthopale
  • Cuenotia
  • Mananthes
  • Schaueria
  • Acanthopsis
  • Cyclacanthus
  • Megalochlamys
  • Sclerochiton
  • Acanthura
  • Cynarospermum
  • Megaskepasma
  • Semnothyrsus
  • Acanthus
  • Cyphacanthus
  • Mellera
  • Sericocalyx
  • Achyrocalyx
  • Danguya
  • Mendoncia
  • Sericographis
  • Adhatoda
  • Dasytropis
  • Metarungia
  • Siphonoglossa
  • Aechmanthera
  • Dianthera
  • Mexacanthus
  • Spathacanthus
  • Afrofittonia
  • Dichazothece
  • Microstrobilus
  • Staurogyne
  • Ambongia
  • Dicladanthera
  • Mimulopsis
  • Staurogynopsis
  • Ancistranthus
  • Dicliptera
  • Mirandea
  • Stenandriopsis
  • Andrographis
  • Dischistocalyx
  • Monachochlamys
  • Stenandrium
  • Angkalanthus
  • Dolichostachys
  • Monechma
  • Stenostephanus
  • Anisacanthus
  • Drejera
  • Monothecium
  • Streblacanthus
  • Anisosepalum
  • Duosperma
  • Neesiella
  • Strobilanthes
  • Anisostachya
  • Dyschoriste
  • Nelsonia
  • Strobilanthopsis
  • Anisotes
  • Ecbolium
  • Neriacanthus
  • Suessenguthia
  • Anomacanthus
  • Echinacanthus
  • Neuracanthus
  • Symplectochilus
  • Apassalus
  • Elytraria
  • Nilgirianthus
  • Synnema
  • Aphanosperma
  • Encephalosphaera
  • Nothoruellia
  • Taeniandra
  • Aphelandra
  • Epiclastopelma
  • Odontonema
  • Tarphochlamys
  • Aphelandrella
  • Eranthemum
  • Oplonia
  • Teliostachya
  • Ascotheca
  • Eremomastax
  • Orophochilus
  • Tessmanniacanthus
  • Asystasia
  • Eusiphon
  • Pachystachys
  • Tetraglochidium
  • Asystasiella
  • Filetia
  • Pachystrobilus
  • Tetramerium
  • Avicennia
  • Fittonia
  • Parachampionella
  • Thelepaepale
  • Ballochia
  • Forcipella
  • Paragutzlaffia
  • Thunbergia
  • Baphicacanthus
  • Geissomeria
  • Pararuellia
  • Trichanthera
  • Barleria
  • Glossochilus
  • Parastrobilanthes
  • Trichosanchezia
  • Barleriola
  • Graphandra
  • Periestes
  • Whitfieldia
  • Beloperone
  • Graptophyllum
  • Perilepta
  • Xantheranthemum
  • Benoicanthus
  • Gymnophragma
  • Peristrophe
  • Xanthostachya
  • Blechum
  • Gymnostachyum
  • Petalidium
  • Xenacanthus
  • Blepharis
  • Gynocraterium
  • Phaulopsis
  • Yeatesia
  • Borneacanthus
  • Gypsacanthus
  • Phlebophyllum
  • Boutonia
  • Habracanthus
  • Phlogacanthus
  • Brachystephanus
  • Hansteinia
  • Physacanthus
  • Bravaisia
  • Harpochilus
  • Pleocaulus
  • Brillantaisia
  • Hemigraphis
  • Podorungia
  • Brunoniella
  • Henrya
  • Poikilacanthus
  • Calacanthus
  • Herpetacanthus
  • Psacadopaepale
  • Calycacanthus
  • Heteradelphia
  • Pseuderanthemum
  • Camarotea
  • Holographis
  • Pseudocalyx
  • Carlowrightia
  • Hygrophila
  • Pseudodicliptera
  • Celerina
  • Hymenochlaena
  • Pseudoruellia
  • Centrilla
  • Hypoestes
  • Pseudostenosiphonium
  • Cephalacanthus
  • Isoglossa
  • Psilanthele
  • Chaetacanthus
  • Isotheca
  • Pteracanthus
  • Chalarothyrsus
  • Jacobinia
  • Pteroptychia
  • Chamaeranthemum
  • Jadunia
  • Ptyssiglottis
  • Chileranthemum
  • Justicia
  • Pulchranthus
  • Chlamydacanthus
  • Kalbreyeriella
  • Pupilla

  • Chlamydocardia
  • Kita
  • Pyrrothrix

  • Chlamydostachya
  • Lankesteria
  • Razisea

  • Chorisochora
  • Lasiocladus
  • Rhaphidospora
  • Chroesthes
  • Lepidagathis
  • Rhinacanthus
  • Clarkeasia
  • Leptosiphonium
  • Ruellia

  • Clinacanthus
  • Leptostachya
  • Rungia

  • Clistax
  • Liberatia
  • Ruspolia

  • Codonacanthus
  • Lissospermum
  • Ruttya

  • Conocalyx
  • Listrobanthes
  • Saintpauliopsis
  • Cosmianthemum
  • Lophostachys
  • Sanchezia

  • Crabbea
  • Louteridium
  • Sarojusticia
  • Crossandra
  • Lustrinia
  • Sarotheca
  • Crossandrella
  • Mackaya
  • Satanocrater


Available images and details. Click to see the details.

Acanthus ebracteatus Asystasia gangetica subsp. micrantha Crossandra infundibuliformis Gendarussa vulgaris Graptophyllum pictum Justicia gendarussa Pseuderanthemum carruthersii var. reticulatum Sanchezia speciosa Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora