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Gymnosperms (Seed Plants)

Gymnosperms do not have fruits or flowers. Instead, they have seeds (not spores) that are contained within a cone. Gymnos means naked, sperm means seed: thus the term gymnosperm means naked seeds. This group can also be referred as Conifers and Allies. There are  about 700 species of gymnosperms placed into four divisions: Pinophyta (Conifers), Cycadophyta (Cycads), Ginkophyta (Ginkgos) and Gnetophyta. The majority are in Pinophyta which include pines, firs, spruces, cedars, junipers, and yew.